shithub: 9ferno

ref: 6966e8d72ae8fb72ebf98909acbd464aff84a3cc

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.TH VGA 3
.SH NAME
vga \- VGA controller device
.SH SYNOPSIS
.B bind #v /dev
.PP
.B /dev/vgactl
.br
.B /dev/vgaovlctl
.br
.B /dev/vgaovl
.SH DESCRIPTION
The VGA device allows configuration of a graphics controller
on a PC (and any other platform with VGA devices).
.B Vgactl
allows control over higher-level settings such as display height, width, depth,
controller and hardware-cursor type.
Along with the I/O-port registers
provided by
.IR arch (3),
it is used to implement configuration and setup of VGA controller cards.
....This is usually performed by
.....IR vga (8).
.PP
Writing strings to 
.B vgactl
configures the VGA device.
The following are valid commands.
.TP
.BI size " X" x Y x "Z chan"
Set the size of the screen image to be
.I X 
pixels wide
and
.I Y 
pixels high.
Each pixel is 
.I Z 
bits as specified by 
.IR chan ,
whose format is described in
.IR image (6).
.TP
.BI actualsize " X" x Y
Set the physical size of the display to be
.I X
pixels wide by
.I Y 
pixels high.
This message is optional;
it is used to implement panning and to accommodate
displays that require the in-memory screen image
to have certain alignment properties.
For example, a 1400x1050 screen with a 1408x1050 in-memory image
will use 
.B "size 1408x1050
but
.BR "actualsize 1400x1050" .
.TP
.BI panning " mode"
Depending on whether
.I mode
is 
.B on
or
.BR off ,
enable or disable panning in a virtual screen.
If panning is on and the screen's
.B size
is larger than its
.BR actualsize ,
the displayed portion of the screen will pan to follow the mouse.
Setting the panning mode after the first attach of the
.B #i
driver has no effect.
.TP
.BI type " ctlr"
Set the type of VGA controller being used.
.I Ctlr
is one of 
.BR ark200pv ,
.BR clgd542x ,
.BR clgd546x ,
.BR ct65545 ,
.BR cyber938x ,
.BR hiqvideo ,
.BR mach64xx ,
.BR mga2164w ,
.BR neomagic ,
.BR s3 ,
and
.BR t2r4 .
.IP
Note that this list does not indicate the full set of VGA chips
supported. For example,
.B s3
includes the 86C801/5, 86C928, Vision864, and Vision964.
It is the job of a user-level program
....IR vga (8)
to recognise which particular chip is being used and to initialize it
appropriately.
.TP
.BI hwgc " gc"
Set the type of hardware graphics cursor being used.
.I Gc
is one of
.BR ark200pvhwgc ,
.BR bt485hwgc ,
.BR clgd542xhwgc ,
.BR clgd546xhwgc ,
.BR ct65545hwgc ,
.BR cyber938xhwgc ,
.BR hiqvideohwgc ,
.BR mach64xxhwgc ,
.BR mga2164whwgc ,
.BR neomagichwgc ,
.BR rgb524hwgc ,
.BR s3hwgc ,
.BR t2r4hwgc ,
.BR tvp3020hwgc ,
and
.BR tvp3026hwgc .
A value of
.B off
disables the cursor.
There is no software cursor.
.TP
.BI palettedepth " d"
Set the number of bits of precision used by the 
VGA palette to 
.IR d ,
which must be either 
.B 6
or
.BR 8 .
.TP
.B blank
Blank the screen.
This consists of setting the hardware
color map to all black as well as, on some controllers, setting the
VGA hsync and vsync signals so as to turn off
VESA DPMS-compliant monitors.
The screen also blanks after 30 minutes of inactivity.
The screen can be unblanked by moving the mouse.
.TP
.BI blanktime " minutes"
Set the timeout before the
screen blanks; the default is 30 minutes.
If
.I minutes
is zero, blanking is disabled.
.TP
.BI hwaccel " mode"
Depending on whether
.I mode
is 
.B on
or
.BR off ,
enable or disable whether hardware acceleration
(currently for rectangle filling and moving)
used by the graphics engine.
The default setting is
.BR on .
.TP
.BI hwblank " mode"
Depending on whether
.I mode
is
.B on
or
.BR off ,
enable or disable the use of DPMS blanking
(see
.B blank
above).
.TP
.BI linear " size align"
Use a linear screen aperture of size
.I size
aligned on an
.IR align -byte
boundary.
.TP
.B drawinit
Initialize the graphics hardware.
This must be sent after setting the
.BR type .
.PP
Reading
.B vgactl
returns the current settings, one per line.
.PP
Some VGA cards support overlay graphics.
Writing strings to
.B vgaovlctl
configures such cards.
The following are valid overlay control commands:
.TP
.BI openctl
opens the overlay device.
.TP
.BI configure " w h format"
allocates resources inside the driver to support an overlay area
of width
.I w
and height
.I h
pixels.  Currently, the only supported
.I format
is
.B YUYV
packed.
In
.B YUYV
two pixels are encoded by their separate Y values
and their combined U and V values.
The size of the two pixels is 32 bits.
.TP
.BI enable " x y w h"
enables drawing data on the display through the overlay mode.  The data
is drawn at position
.IR x , y
and has a width and height of
.IR w , h
respectively.
.TP
.BI closectl
terminates overlay control.
.PP
Overlay data can be written to
.BR vgaovl .
.SH EXAMPLES
The following disables hardware acceleration.
.IP
.EX
echo hwaccel off > /dev/vgactl
.EE
.SH SOURCE
.B /os/pc/devvga.c
.SH SEE ALSO
.IR arch (3)
....IR vga (8)
.SH BUGS
The hardware graphics cursor on the
.B et4000
does not work in 2x8-bit mode.