code: plan9front

ref: fe5d1976a0b4376c955ca8423eb9005f5d035403
dir: /sys/src/libmach/tdb.c/

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#include <u.h>
#include <libc.h>
#include <bio.h>
#include <mach.h>

static int debug = 0;

typedef struct	Instr	Instr;
struct	Instr
{
	Map	*map;
	ulong	w;
	ulong	addr;
	uchar	op;			/* super opcode */

	uchar	rd;
	uchar	rn;
	uchar	rs;

	long	imm;			/* imm */

	char*	curr;			/* fill point in buffer */
	char*	end;			/* end of buffer */
	char*	err;			/* error message */
};

typedef struct Opcode Opcode;
struct Opcode
{
	char*	o;
	void	(*fmt)(Opcode*, Instr*);
	uvlong	(*foll)(Map*, Rgetter, Instr*, uvlong);
	char*	a;
};

static	void	format(char*, Instr*, char*);
static	char	FRAMENAME[] = ".frame";

/*
 * Thumb-specific debugger interface
 */

static	char	*thumbexcep(Map*, Rgetter);
static	int	thumbfoll(Map*, uvlong, Rgetter, uvlong*);
static	int	thumbinst(Map*, uvlong, char, char*, int);
static	int	thumbdas(Map*, uvlong, char*, int);
static	int	thumbinstlen(Map*, uvlong);

/*
 *	Debugger interface
 */
Machdata thumbmach =
{
	{0x0, 0xE8},		/* break point */
	2,				/* break point size */

	leswab,			/* short to local byte order */
	leswal,			/* long to local byte order */
	leswav,			/* long to local byte order */
	risctrace,		/* C traceback */
	riscframe,		/* Frame finder */
	thumbexcep,			/* print exception */
	0,			/* breakpoint fixup */
	0,			/* single precision float printer */
	0,			/* double precision float printer */
	thumbfoll,		/* following addresses */
	thumbinst,		/* print instruction */
	thumbdas,			/* dissembler */
	thumbinstlen,		/* instruction size */
};

static void thumbrrh(Opcode *, Instr *);
static void thumbbcc(Opcode *, Instr *);
static void thumbb(Opcode *, Instr *);
static void thumbbl(Opcode *, Instr *);

static char*
thumbexcep(Map *map, Rgetter rget)
{
	uvlong c;

	c = (*rget)(map, "TYPE");
	switch ((int)c&0x1f) {
	case 0x11:
		return "Fiq interrupt";
	case 0x12:
		return "Mirq interrupt";
	case 0x13:
		return "SVC/SWI Exception";
	case 0x17:
		return "Prefetch Abort/Breakpoint";
	case 0x18:
		return "Data Abort";
	case 0x1b:
		return "Undefined instruction/Breakpoint";
	case 0x1f:
		return "Sys trap";
	default:
		return "Undefined trap";
	}
}

static
char*	cond[16] =
{
	"EQ",	"NE",	"CS",	"CC",
	"MI",	"PL",	"VS",	"VC",
	"HI",	"LS",	"GE",	"LT",
	"GT",	"LE",	"\0",	"NV"
};

#define B(h, l)		bits(ins, h, l)

static int
bits(int i, int h, int l)
{
	if(h < l)
		print("h < l in bits");
	return (i&(((1<<(h-l+1))-1)<<l))>>l;
}

int
thumbclass(long w)
{
	int o;
	int ins = w;

	if(ins&0xffff0000)
		return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+2+2+4+1+1+1+2;
	o = B(15, 13);
	switch(o){
	case 0:
		o = B(12, 11);
		switch(o){
			case 0:
			case 1:
			case 2:
				return B(12, 11);
			case 3:
				if(B(10, 10) == 0)
					return 3+B(9, 9);
				else
					return 3+2+B(9, 9);
		}
	case 1:
		return 3+2+2+B(12, 11);
	case 2:
		o = B(12, 10);
		if(o == 0)
			return 3+2+2+4+B(9, 6);
		if(o == 1){
			o = B(9, 8);
			if(o == 3)
				return 3+2+2+4+16+B(9, 8);
			return 3+2+2+4+16+B(9, 8);
		}
		if(o == 2 || o == 3)
			return 3+2+2+4+16+4;
		return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+B(11, 9);
	case 3:
		return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+B(12, 11);
	case 4:
		if(B(12, 12) == 0)
			return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+4+B(11, 11);
		return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+B(11, 11);
	case 5:
		if(B(12, 12) == 0)
			return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+B(11, 11);
		if(B(11, 8) == 0)
			return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+2+B(7, 7);
		return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+2+2+B(11, 11);
	case 6:
		if(B(12, 12) == 0)
			return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+2+2+2+B(11, 11);
		if(B(11, 8) == 0xf)
			return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+2+2+4;
		return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+2+2+4+1;
	case 7:
		o = B(12, 11);
		switch(o){
			case 0:
				return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+2+2+4+1+1;
			case 1:
				return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+2+2+4+1+1+1+2;
			case 2:
				return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+2+2+4+1+1+1;
			case 3:
				return 3+2+2+4+16+4+1+8+6+2+2+2+4+1+1+1+1;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int
decode(Map *map, uvlong pc, Instr *i)
{
	ushort w;

	if(get2(map, pc, &w) < 0) {
		werrstr("can't read instruction: %r");
		return -1;
	}
	i->w = w;
	i->addr = pc;
	i->op = thumbclass(w);
	i->map = map;
	return 1;
}

static void
bprint(Instr *i, char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list arg;

	va_start(arg, fmt);
	i->curr = vseprint(i->curr, i->end, fmt, arg);
	va_end(arg);
}

static int
plocal(Instr *i)
{
	char *reg;
	Symbol s;
	char *fn;
	int class;
	int offset;

	if(!findsym(i->addr, CTEXT, &s)) {
		if(debug)fprint(2,"fn not found @%lux: %r\n", i->addr);
		return 0;
	}
	fn = s.name;
	if (!findlocal(&s, FRAMENAME, &s)) {
		if(debug)fprint(2,"%s.%s not found @%s: %r\n", fn, FRAMENAME, s.name);
			return 0;
	}
	if(s.value > i->imm) {
		class = CAUTO;
		offset = s.value-i->imm;
		reg = "(SP)";
	} else {
		class = CPARAM;
		offset = i->imm-s.value-4;
		reg = "(FP)";
	}
	if(!getauto(&s, offset, class, &s)) {
		if(debug)fprint(2,"%s %s not found @%ux: %r\n", fn,
			class == CAUTO ? " auto" : "param", offset);
		return 0;
	}
	bprint(i, "%s%c%d%s", s.name, class == CPARAM ? '+' : '-', s.value, reg);
	return 1;
}

/*
 * Print value v as name[+offset]
 */
static int
gsymoff(char *buf, int n, long v, int space)
{
	Symbol s;
	int r;
	long delta;

	r = delta = 0;		/* to shut compiler up */
	if (v) {
		r = findsym(v, space, &s);
		if (r)
			delta = v-s.value;
		if (delta < 0)
			delta = -delta;
	}
	if (v == 0 || r == 0 || delta >= 4096)
		return snprint(buf, n, "#%lux", v);
	if (strcmp(s.name, ".string") == 0)
		return snprint(buf, n, "#%lux", v);
	if (!delta)
		return snprint(buf, n, "%s", s.name);
	if (s.type != 't' && s.type != 'T')
		return snprint(buf, n, "%s+%llux", s.name, v-s.value);
	else
		return snprint(buf, n, "#%lux", v);
}

static int
thumbcondpass(Map *map, Rgetter rget, uchar cond)
{
	ulong psr;
	uchar n;
	uchar z;
	uchar c;
	uchar v;

	psr = rget(map, "PSR");
	n = (psr >> 31) & 1;
	z = (psr >> 30) & 1;
	c = (psr >> 29) & 1;
	v = (psr >> 28) & 1;

	switch(cond) {
		case 0:		return z;
		case 1:		return !z;
		case 2:		return c;
		case 3:		return !c;
		case 4:		return n;
		case 5:		return !n;
		case 6:		return v;
		case 7:		return !v;
		case 8:		return c && !z;
		case 9:		return !c || z;
		case 10:	return n == v;
		case 11:	return n != v;
		case 12:	return !z && (n == v);
		case 13:	return z && (n != v);
		case 14:	return 1;
		case 15:	return 0;
	}
	return 0;
}

static uvlong
thumbfbranch(Map *map, Rgetter rget, Instr *i, uvlong pc)
{
	char buf[8];

	if(i->op == 30){	// BX
		thumbrrh(nil, i);
		sprint(buf, "R%ud", i->rn);
		return rget(map, buf)&~1;		// clear T bit
	}
	if(i->op == 57){	// Bcc
		thumbbcc(nil, i);
		if(thumbcondpass(map, rget, (i->w >> 8) & 0xf))
			return i->imm;
		return pc+2;
	}
	if(i->op == 58){	// B
		thumbb(nil, i);
		return i->imm;
	}
	if(i->op == 60){	// BL
		thumbbl(nil, i);
		return i->imm;
	}
	print("bad thumbfbranch call");
	return 0;
}

static uvlong
thumbfmov(Map *map, Rgetter rget, Instr *i, uvlong pc)
{
	char buf[8];
	ulong rd;

	thumbrrh(nil, i);
	rd = i->rd;
	if(rd != 15)
		return pc+2;
	sprint(buf, "R%ud", i->rn);
	return rget(map, buf);
}

static uvlong
thumbfadd(Map *map, Rgetter rget, Instr *i, uvlong pc)
{
	char buf[8];
	ulong rd, v;

	thumbrrh(nil, i);
	rd = i->rd;
	if(rd != 15)
		return pc+2;
	sprint(buf, "R%ud", i->rn);
	v = rget(map, buf);
	sprint(buf, "R15");
	return rget(map, buf) + v;
}

static void
thumbshift(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->rd = B(2, 0);
	i->rn = B(5, 3);
	i->imm = B(10, 6);
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbrrr(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->rd = B(2, 0);
	i->rn = B(5, 3);
	i->rs = B(8, 6);
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbirr(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->rd = B(2, 0);
	i->rn = B(5, 3);
	i->imm = B(8, 6);
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbir(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->rd = B(10, 8);
	i->imm = B(7, 0);
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbrr(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->rd = B(2, 0);
	i->rn = B(5, 3);
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbrrh(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->rd = B(2, 0);
	i->rn = B(5, 3);
	if(B(6, 6))
		i->rn += 8;
	if(B(7, 7))
		i->rd += 8;
	if(o != nil){
		if(i->w == 0x46b7 || i->w == 0x46f7 || i->w == 0x4730 || i->w == 0x4770)	// mov r6, pc or mov lr, pc or bx r6 or bx lr
			format("RET", i, "");
		else
			format(o->o, i, o->a);
	}
}

static void
thumbpcrel(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->rn = 15;
	i->rd = B(10, 8);
	i->imm = 4*(B(7, 0)+1);
	if(i->addr & 3)
		i->imm -= 2;
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbmovirr(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->rd = B(2, 0);
	i->rn = B(5, 3);
	i->imm = B(10, 6);
	if(strcmp(o->o, "MOVW") == 0)
		i->imm *= 4;
	else if(strncmp(o->o, "MOVH", 4) == 0)
		i->imm *= 2;
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbmovsp(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->rn = 13;
	i->rd = B(10, 8);
	i->imm = 4*B(7, 0);
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbaddsppc(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->rd = B(10, 8);
	i->imm = 4*B(7, 0);
	if(i->op == 48)
		i->imm += 4;
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbaddsp(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->imm = 4*B(6, 0);
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}	

static void
thumbswi(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	i->imm = B(7, 0);
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbbcc(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int off, ins = i->w;

	off = B(7, 0);
	if(off & 0x80)
		off |= 0xffffff00;
	i->imm = i->addr + 2*off + 4;
	if(o != nil)
		format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbb(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int off, ins = i->w;

	off = B(10, 0);
	if(off & 0x400)
		off |= 0xfffff800;
	i->imm = i->addr + 2*off + 4;
	if(o != nil)
		format(o->o, i, o->a);
}	

static void
thumbbl(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int off, h, ins = i->w;
	static int reglink;

	h = B(11, 11);
	off = B(10, 0);
	if(h == 0){
		if(off & 0x400)
			off |= 0xfffff800;
		i->imm = i->addr + (off<<12) + 4;
		reglink = i->imm;
	}
	else{
		i->imm = reglink + 2*off;
	}
	if(o != nil)
		format(o->o, i, o->a);
}	

static void
thumbregs(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	int ins = i->w;

	if(i->op == 52 || i->op == 53)
		i->rd = 13;
	else
		i->rd = B(10, 8);
	i->imm = B(7, 0);
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}

static void
thumbunk(Opcode *o, Instr *i)
{
	format(o->o, i, o->a);
}
	
static Opcode opcodes[] =
{
	"LSL",	thumbshift,	0,	"$#%i,R%n,R%d",	// 0
	"LSR",	thumbshift,	0,	"$#%i,R%n,R%d",	// 1
	"ASR",	thumbshift,	0,	"$#%i,R%n,R%d",	// 2
	"ADD",	thumbrrr,		0,	"R%s,R%n,R%d",		// 3
	"SUB",	thumbrrr,		0,	"R%s,R%n,R%d",		// 4
	"ADD",	thumbirr,		0,	"$#%i,R%n,R%d",	// 5
	"SUB",	thumbirr,		0,	"$#%i,R%n,R%d",	// 6
	"MOVW",	thumbir,		0,	"$#%i,R%d",		// 7
	"CMP",	thumbir,		0,	"$#%i,R%d",		// 8
	"ADD",	thumbir,		0,	"$#%i,R%d,R%d",	// 9
	"SUB",	thumbir,		0,	"$#%i,R%d,R%d",	// 10
	"AND",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 11
	"EOR",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 12
	"LSL",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 13
	"LSR",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 14
	"ASR",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 15
	"ADC",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 16
	"SBC",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 17
	"ROR",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 18
	"TST",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d",		// 19
	"NEG",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d",		// 20
	"CMP",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d",		// 21
	"CMPN",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d",		// 22
	"OR",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 23
	"MUL",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 24
	"BITC",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 25
	"MOVN",	thumbrr,		0,	"R%n,R%d",		// 26
	"ADD",	thumbrrh,		thumbfadd,	"R%n,R%d,R%d",	// 27
	"CMP",	thumbrrh,		0,	"R%n,R%d",		// 28
	"MOVW",	thumbrrh,		thumbfmov,	"R%n,R%d",	// 29
	"BX",		thumbrrh,		thumbfbranch,	"R%n",	// 30
	"MOVW",	thumbpcrel,	0,	"$%I,R%d",		// 31
	"MOVW",	thumbrrr,		0,	"R%d, [R%s,R%n]",	// 32
	"MOVH",	thumbrrr,		0,	"R%d, [R%s,R%n]",	// 33
	"MOVB",	thumbrrr,		0,	"R%d, [R%s,R%n]",	// 34
	"MOVB",	thumbrrr,		0,	"[R%s,R%n],R%d",	// 35
	"MOVW",	thumbrrr,		0,	"[R%s,R%n],R%d",	// 36
	"MOVHU",	thumbrrr,		0,	"[R%s,R%n],R%d",	// 37
	"MOVBU",	thumbrrr,		0,	"[R%s,R%n],R%d",	// 38
	"MOVH",	thumbrrr,		0,	"[R%s,R%n],R%d",	// 39
	"MOVW",	thumbmovirr,	0,	"R%d,%I",			// 40
	"MOVW",	thumbmovirr,	0,	"%I,R%d",			// 41
	"MOVB",	thumbmovirr,	0,	"R%d,%I",			// 42
	"MOVBU",	thumbmovirr,	0,	"$%I,R%d",		// 43
	"MOVH",	thumbmovirr,	0,	"R%d,%I",			// 44
	"MOVHU",	thumbmovirr,	0,	"%I,R%d",			// 45
	"MOVW",	thumbmovsp,	0,	"R%d,%I",			// 46
	"MOVW",	thumbmovsp,	0,	"%I,R%d",			// 47
	"ADD",	thumbaddsppc,0,	"$#%i,PC,R%d",		// 48
	"ADD",	thumbaddsppc,0,	"$#%i,SP,R%d",		// 49
	"ADD",	thumbaddsp,	0,	"$#%i,SP,SP",		// 50
	"SUB",	thumbaddsp,	0,	"$#%i,SP,SP",		// 51
	"PUSH",	thumbregs,	0,	"R%d, %r",			// 52
	"POP",	thumbregs,	0,	"R%d, %r",			// 53
	"STMIA",	thumbregs,	0,	"R%d, %r",			// 54
	"LDMIA",	thumbregs,	0,	"R%d, %r",			// 55
	"SWI",	thumbswi,	0,	"$#%i",			// 56
	"B%c",	thumbbcc,	thumbfbranch,	"%b",		// 57
	"B",		thumbb,		thumbfbranch,	"%b",		// 58
	"BL",		thumbbl,		0,	"",				// 59
	"BL",		thumbbl,		thumbfbranch,	"%b",		// 60
	"UNK",	thumbunk,	0,	"",				// 61
};

static void
gaddr(Instr *i)
{
	*i->curr++ = '$';
	i->curr += gsymoff(i->curr, i->end-i->curr, i->imm, CANY);
}

static void
format(char *mnemonic, Instr *i, char *f)
{
	int j, k, m, n;
	int g;
	char *fmt;
	int ins = i->w;

	if(mnemonic)
		format(0, i, mnemonic);
	if(f == 0)
		return;
	if(mnemonic)
		if(i->curr < i->end)
			*i->curr++ = '\t';
	for ( ; *f && i->curr < i->end; f++) {
		if(*f != '%') {
			*i->curr++ = *f;
			continue;
		}
		switch (*++f) {

		case 'c':	/*Bcc */
			bprint(i, "%s", cond[B(11, 8)]);
			break;

		case 's':
			bprint(i, "%d", i->rs);
			break;
				
		case 'n':
			bprint(i, "%d", i->rn);
			break;

		case 'd':
			bprint(i, "%d", i->rd);
			break;

		case 'i':
			bprint(i, "%lux", i->imm);
			break;

		case 'b':
			i->curr += symoff(i->curr, i->end-i->curr,
				i->imm, CTEXT);
			break;

		case 'I':
			if (i->rn == 13) {
				if (plocal(i))
					break;
			}
			g = 0;
			fmt = "#%lx(R%d)";
			if (i->rn == 15) {
				/* convert load of offset(PC) to a load immediate */
				if (get4(i->map, i->addr + i->imm, (ulong*)&i->imm) > 0)
				{
					g = 1;
					fmt = "";
				}
			}
			if (mach->sb)
			{
				if (i->rn == 12)
				{
					i->imm += mach->sb;
					g = 1;
					fmt = "-SB(SB)";
				}
			}
			if (g)
			{
				gaddr(i);
				bprint(i, fmt, i->rn);
			}
			else
				bprint(i, fmt, i->imm, i->rn);
			break;

		case 'r':
			n = i->imm&0xff;
			j = 0;
			k = 0;
			while(n) {
				m = j;
				while(n&0x1) {
					j++;
					n >>= 1;
				}
				if(j != m) {
					if(k)
						bprint(i, ",");
					if(j == m+1)
						bprint(i, "R%d", m);
					else
						bprint(i, "R%d-R%d", m, j-1);
					k = 1;
				}
				j++;
				n >>= 1;
			}
			break;

		case '\0':
			*i->curr++ = '%';
			return;

		default:
			bprint(i, "%%%c", *f);
			break;
		}
	}
	*i->curr = 0;
}

static int
printins(Map *map, uvlong pc, char *buf, int n)
{
	Instr i;

	i.curr = buf;
	i.end = buf+n-1;
	if(decode(map, pc, &i) < 0)
		return -1;

	(*opcodes[i.op].fmt)(&opcodes[i.op], &i);
	return 2;
}

static int
thumbinst(Map *map, uvlong pc, char modifier, char *buf, int n)
{
	USED(modifier);
	return printins(map, pc, buf, n);
}

static int
thumbdas(Map *map, uvlong pc, char *buf, int n)
{
	Instr i;

	i.curr = buf;
	i.end = buf+n;
	if(decode(map, pc, &i) < 0)
		return -1;
	if(i.end-i.curr > 8)
		i.curr = _hexify(buf, i.w, 7);
	*i.curr = 0;
	return 2;
}

static int
thumbinstlen(Map *map, uvlong pc)
{
	Instr i;

	if(decode(map, pc, &i) < 0)
		return -1;
	return 2;
}

static int
thumbfoll(Map *map, uvlong pc, Rgetter rget, uvlong *foll)
{
	ulong d;
	Instr i;

	if(decode(map, pc, &i) < 0)
		return -1;

	if(opcodes[i.op].foll) {
		d = (*opcodes[i.op].foll)(map, rget, &i, pc);
		if(d == -1)
			return -1;
	} else
		d = pc+2;

	foll[0] = d;
	return 1;
}